Compute \(\sigma_\theta\), the potential density of seawater (minus 1000 kg/m\(^3\)), referenced to surface pressure.

swSigma0(
  salinity,
  temperature = NULL,
  pressure = NULL,
  longitude = NULL,
  latitude = NULL,
  eos = getOption("oceEOS", default = "gsw")
)

Arguments

salinity

either practical salinity (in which case temperature and pressure must be provided) or an oce object, in which case salinity, temperature (in the ITS-90 scale; see next item), etc. are inferred from the object.

temperature

in-situ temperature (\(^\circ\)C), defined on the ITS-90 scale. This scale is used by GSW-style calculation (as requested by setting eos="gsw"), and is the value contained within ctd objects (and probably most other objects created with data acquired in the past decade or two). Since the UNESCO-style calculation is based on IPTS-68, the temperature is converted within the present function, using T68fromT90().

pressure

pressure (dbar)

longitude

longitude of observation (only used if eos="gsw"; see ‘Details’).

latitude

latitude of observation (only used if eos="gsw"; see ‘Details’).

eos

equation of state, either "unesco" (references 1 and 2) or "gsw" (references 3 and 4).

Value

Potential density anomaly (kg/m\(^3\)).

Details

Definition: \(\sigma_0=\sigma_\theta=\rho(S,\theta(S,t,p),0\)

  • 1000 kg/m\(^3\).

References

See citations provided in the swRho() documentation.

See also