Continuing on the theme of solar angles, the code given below produces an analemma diagram similar to that of Lynch (2012, figure 2).

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library(oce)
loc <- list(lon=-0.0015, lat=51.4778) # Greenwich Observatory
t <- seq.POSIXt(as.POSIXct("2014-01-01 12:00:00", tz="UTC"),
as.POSIXct("2015-01-01 12:00:00", tz="UTC"),
by="1 d")
sa <- sunAngle(t, lon=loc$lon, lat=loc$lat)
par(mar=c(3, 3, 1, 1), mgp=c(2, 0.7, 0)) # tighten margins
plot(sa$azimuth, sa$altitude, type='p', pch=20,
xlab="Azimuth", ylab="Altitude")
grid()

graph

References

Peter Lynch, 2012. The equation of time and the analemma. Irish Math. Soc. Bulletin, 69:47-56. PDF

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